Managing Oil

Periodically checking to make sure your car has enough oil is the best way to keep your engine running well for a long time to come. Oil is the lubricant between the moving engine parts; if the level is too low, the parts will wear quickly and increase likelihood of engine seizure. Learn how to check your oil to keep this from happening.

Checking to See if Your Car Needs Oil

  1. Make sure the engine isn’t hot. You can burn yourself if you handle engine parts right after you turn off your car. Wait at least 10 minutes or plan to check your oil while the engine is cold.
  2. Open the hood. Most cars have an interior bonnet-popping button located under the steering column. Press the button, then walk to the front of your car and unlatch the bonnet. Raise the bonnet so that it is completely open, and prop it up with a metal prop if your car has one.
  3. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it off with a clean rag. The dipstick is connected to the oil tank in your engine, and is used to determine how much oil is still in the oil tank. When the car is in motion the oil splashes around and covers the entire stick. To check your oil level you need to start with a clean stick.
    • The dipstick is often located near the front of the engine. When you located it, give it a tug; it should pull out smoothly.
    • Take care not to pull out the transmission fluid dipstick. If you’re not sure which dipstick is connected to the oil tank, check the user manual that came with your car.
  4. Reinsert the dipstick. Carefully place the dip stick back into the pipe connected to the oil tank. Push it all the way down until it is completely reinserted. If it gets rattled or caught along the way, pull it back out, wipe it off, and try again.
  5. Remove the dipstick a second time to gauge the oil level. Look at the end of the dipstick to see where the oil’s film ends. The end of the stick will have the word “ADD” toward the end, and “FULL” toward the middle.
    • If the oil film reaches up to or below the ADD line, it’s time to add more oil.
    • If the oil film is close to the FULL line, you don’t have to add more oil quite yet.
  6. Determine whether the oil needs to be changed. In addition to checking the quantity of the oil, you should also check the quality. The oil should look clean and smooth. If the oil looks like it contains debris or looks cloudy, it needs to be changed.

Adding Oil to Your Engine

  1. Find out what kind of oil to use. Oil comes in different “weights,” and different cars require different weights. Check your car’s user manual to figure out what kind of oil you need to use, then buy a bottle of it from a service station or convenience store.
  2. Unscrew the oil cap. You don’t pour oil down the same pip where the dipstick is located; instead, unscrew the cap located a few inches away.
  3. Pour in the oil. If your oil was very low, pour in the entire litre. You can use a funnel if you wish, or just pour it directly from the bottle into the tank.
  4. Check the oil again. Go ahead and pull out the dipstick, wipe it with a rag, reinsert it, and check the oil level to make sure the car now has enough oil. It should now come up to the FULL line.
  5. Replace the cap and close the bonnet. Screw the cap back on tightly, lower the hood and make sure it is firmly closed before starting your engine.

Changing Your Engine Oil

  1. Know how often to change your oil. How often you need to change your oil depends on the type of car you own. Some cars need an oil change every 1500 km while others can go up to 5000 km without an oil change. Research your car and talk to the manufacturer or your mechanic to determine how often your oil should be changed.
  2. Change your own oil. Changing your car’s oil can save you between $25 and $75 dollars. If you have an aptitude for working on cars, there’s no reason why you can’t do it yourself. Make sure you have the right oil and tools before you begin.

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  • GEN-TECH Automotive & Performance Centre
    3/34 Hoskins St, Mitchell.
    ACT. Australia. 2911
  • Phone: (02) 6241 0577
  • Fax: (02) 6262 3776